Nowadays, material cultural studies ignite a great deal of interest throughout various disciplines within social sciences. However, this scenario is somewhat new, inasmuch the study of objects presents a long and forgotten history. Between the emplacement of the human mind throughout the Illustration and the “methodological skepticism” of Descartes, it became possible to consider that the material world was nothing more than a construct of the human mind, a surface without much power. Thus, things appeared only as phenomena, the refined outcome of our thought process, considered under the conditional status of technical tool or theoretical object. Finally, mass production and consumption allowed for a greater visibility of the material composition of the world, a phenomena which is mainly analysed as a sign of the illusory, the embodiment of our cold and unauthentic being, always in opposition to a non-material humanism.
This scenario has slowly changed. The way “things” are analysed have shifted from being considered mere efforts of antiquarians or fetishists to a vast and unexplored field of studies. Presently, various disciplines, such as anthropology, archeology, sociology, philosophy, history of art, architecture among others, have ascertained the importance of the role that objects play in societies inasmuch people create and re-create relationships ever more complex with the realm of objects which cannot be categorised as “consumerism” or “hedonism”.